What is a gerund in actual fact?
Under the Gerund is a noun derived from a verb. Another word for such a verb is a substantiated verb in English.
The formation of the Gerund in English
Infinitiv + „ing“
The formation of the gerund in English is similarly simple, as the formation of the progressive times. Since you only have your infinitive and your appendage is the “ing”. Note, that the Progressive Times are not the same as the Gerund.
What is to be considered!
Spelling rules to “-ing” formation:
Particularly, making verbs with ing at the end is very simple. However, there are few points to consider:
1. For verbs ending in “-e”:
The “-e” goes away:
- give becomes giving
2. Verbs ending in “-er”, “-ur”, “-ir”:
The final consonant is doubled:
- occurs to occurring
3. Monosyllabic verbs ending on a stressed consonant:
As with the second rule, the last consonant is doubled here:
- Get becomes getting
- Swim becomes swimming
- Fit becomes fitting
4. Verbs ending in “-ie”:
For this purpose, the “-ie” is replaced by a “-y” in the formation:
- Lie becomes lying
What is to be considered
Often the gerund is confused with the progressive times as they are formed in the same similar way. However, this is not the same!
Gerund Englisch: As the subject of a sentence
Going to football games is fun.
Gerund Englisch: As an object of a sentence
I enjoy learning.
Hey, formerly I thought that learning languages was an innate one. Either you can speak English perfectly or not and no matter how much you learn – “I do not write a good grade in English anyway.” But I quickly learned that you do not know everything in your mother tongue.
After a while, I gave myself one last chance to learn English. Only this time I limited myself to the essential points.
That means for me verbs: the form – examples – signal words & the usage
This method enabled me to learn English faster than ever before.
Since then I know that learning to talk is not innate. And through that realization, my vision has become to offer other students the opportunity to learn English, just like I did back then. Now I ask you to help me by sharing this article with your friends! Thanks a lot!
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