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Word Order

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First, the basic rule of syntax in English can be derived from the words “subject, predicate, object”. (For example: They go shopping.) Since every sentence in English can be derived from these words, even a subordinate clause. Nevertheless, as is often the case, there are a few exceptions.

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Common mistakes:

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Similarly, for the following sentences, the sentence order subject, predicate, object is observed:


In an adverbial sentence:

Now they go shopping.


In a subordinate clause:

When I entry the supermarket, I saw a group of people.


In the case of composite tenses:

I have written a massage.


In a suffix:

“I will go shopping“, she said to me.

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English syntax in 2 objects:

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If a sentence contains two objects in English, there is a direct and an indirect object. Where the indirect object is usually a person, rarely a thing, the person with whom something happens.

I gave her the English book.


Do you want to emphasize on the indirect object?

To do this, the indirect object is at the end of the sentence.

I gave the English book to her.

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What to keep in mind:

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The word “to”:

For most indirect objects, you have to write a “to” before that if you want to emphasize on this. Just as it is in the example.


The other one is “for”:

For other indirect objects, a “for” must be inserted when it is at the end of the sentence. Whereby this depends on the verb. A few examples of such verbs are:

  • buy
  • cook
  • find
  • get
  • leave
  • make
  • order


Disagreement to the change with “of” and “for”:

In contrast, with other verbs such a change with “of” or “for” it is not possible. This includes:

  • ask
  • envy
  • forgive
  • save
  • someone



I envy you your new phone.

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English syntax in questions:

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Present tense:

As always, the subject, the predicate, the object also apply here. An example of this is as follows.
Who are you?


Other tenses:

On the other hand, the order of questions that are not in the present tense are as follows:

Has you write an article?

What have you read?


What to keep in mind:

  • Despite all the rules so far, there are prepositions for questions, usually at the end of a sentence.
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About me

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Hey, formerly I thought that learning languages was an innate one. Either you can speak English perfectly or not and no matter how much you learn – “I do not write a good grade in English anyway.” But I quickly learned that you do not know everything in your mother tongue.


After a while, I gave myself one last chance to learn English. Only this time I limited myself to the essential points.

That means for me verbs: the form – examples – signal words & the usage

This method enabled me to learn English faster than ever before.


Since then I know that learning to talk is not innate. And through that realization, my visionhas become to offer other students the opportunity to learn English, just like I did back then. Now I ask you to help me by sharing this article with your friends! Thanks a lot!


You read: Word order

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