First, the basic rule of syntax in English can be derived from the words “subject, predicate, object”. (For example: They go shopping.) Since every sentence in English can be derived from these words, even a subordinate clause. Nevertheless, as is often the case, there are a few exceptions.
Similarly, for the following sentences, the sentence order subject, predicate, object is observed:
In an adverbial sentence:
Now they go shopping.
In a subordinate clause:
When I entry the supermarket, I saw a group of people.
In the case of composite tenses:
I have written a massage.
In a suffix:
“I will go shopping“, she said to me.
English syntax in 2 objects:
If a sentence contains two objects in English, there is a direct and an indirect object. Where the indirect object is usually a person, rarely a thing, the person with whom something happens.
I gave her the English book.
Do you want to emphasize on the indirect object?
To do this, the indirect object is at the end of the sentence.
I gave the English book to her.
What to keep in mind:
The word “to”:
For most indirect objects, you have to write a “to” before that if you want to emphasize on this. Just as it is in the example.
The other one is “for”:
For other indirect objects, a “for” must be inserted when it is at the end of the sentence. Whereby this depends on the verb. A few examples of such verbs are:
Disagreement to the change with “of” and “for”:
In contrast, with other verbs such a change with “of” or “for” it is not possible. This includes:
AN EXAMPLE FOR THIS:
I envy you your new phone.
English syntax in questions:
As always, the subject, the predicate, the object also apply here. An example of this is as follows.
Who are you?
On the other hand, the order of questions that are not in the present tense are as follows:
Has you write an article?
What have you read?
What to keep in mind:
- Despite all the rules so far, there are prepositions for questions, usually at the end of a sentence.
Hey, formerly I thought that learning languages was an innate one. Either you can speak English perfectly or not and no matter how much you learn – “I do not write a good grade in English anyway.” But I quickly learned that you do not know everything in your mother tongue.
After a while, I gave myself one last chance to learn English. Only this time I limited myself to the essential points.
That means for me verbs: the form – examples – signal words & the usage
This method enabled me to learn English faster than ever before.
Since then I know that learning to talk is not innate. And through that realization, my visionhas become to offer other students the opportunity to learn English, just like I did back then. Now I ask you to help me by sharing this article with your friends! Thanks a lot!
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