Past Perfect Progressive Tense
The past perfect progressive is mainly used to describe a period before an action. That is, the period from one point to the beginning of the action.
Past Perfect Progressive Formation
„had“ + „been“ + Infinitive + “-ing“
Just as in the other progressive tenses, the past perfect progressive is formed with the help of the “to be” form “had” and a verb + “-ing“. You should also note that you are keeping the word order (subject, predicate, object).
„had“ + „been“ + Infinitive + „-ing“
Also, the negation is not really difficult, as the formation of a “normal” sentence. That means you just have to put a “not” behind the “to be” form (“had”).
In contrast, there are no irregular verbs in Past Perfect Progressive.
What is to be observed in the course of the Past Perfect!
Spelling rules to “-ing” formation:
Particularly, making verbs with ing at the end is very simple. However, there are few points to consider:
1. For verbs ending in “-e”:
The “-e” goes away:
- give becomes giving
2. Verbs ending in “-er”, “-ur”, “-ir”:
The final consonant is doubled:
- occurs to occurring
3. Monosyllabic verbs ending on a stressed consonant:
As with the second rule, the last consonant is doubled here:
- get becomes getting
- swim becomes swimming
- fit becomes fitting
4. Verbs ending in “-ie”:
For this purpose, the “-ie” is replaced by a “-y” in the formation:
- lie becomes lying
Don’t be confused:
Basically, both “had not” and “hadn’t” express the same thing, but when writing you should consider what intension is behind the text.
Past Perfect Progressive Example
I had been learning.
I had not been learning. / I hadn’t been learning.
Had I been learning?
Past Perfect Progressive signal words
- How long?
How the Progressive form of the Past Perfect is used in English!
- On the one hand, past perfect progressive is used to describe an action that describes a period of time. This period goes from one point before the occurrence of the action to the occurrence of the action.
- On the other hand, the use is to describe an action that has taken place in the past, within a small time frame. (For example, I had just watched TV at this time.)
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