Simple Present Tense

Present Simple

Simple present tense

T he simple present tense is used in English to describe something that is happening at that moment.

Simple present formation

Regular formation of the simple present

Infinitive + („-s“)

B asically, the formation of the “Simple Present” is quite simple, since only the infinitive is used. However, the formation of the third person singular may cause problems. In this case, an “-s” must be appended to the end of the verb.


do not (don’t) + Infinitive

L ikewise, the formation of the negation is not much more complicated, except that a “do not” stands before the verb. As with a “normal” sentence, there is also a special case of negation. This special case refers back to the third person singular, which is only used in this way “do not” “does not“. In this case, the “-s” is omitted from the “verb”.



F ortunately, there are only three irregularities in the simple present. On the one hand, “have/has” and “-am/-is/-are” in the third person singular.

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What you have to consider in the present tense in English

The most important rule!

W hen forming the simple present you have to put an “-s” to the “verb” in the third person singular!



T he bottom line is that in the “Simple Present” there is only one hacking in the spelling, while forming the third person singular. There are few points to keep in mind:


1. Verbs that end in a “sibilant”:

Here an “-es“ is attached:

  • watch becomes watch-es
  • pass becomes pass-es
  • go becomes go-es
  • do becomes do-es


2. Verbs with “-y” at the end:

It is important to note what is in front of the “-y”:



The “-s” is simply attached:

  • play becomes play-s



“-y“ goes away and an “-ies“ is attached:

  • hurry becomes hurr-ies


Don’t be confused:

I mportant: “do not” is synonymous with “don’t” and “does not” is synonymous with “doesn’t“.


Simple present tense examples

Normal sentence in the simple present tense

I learn.

A negative sentence in the simple present tense

I do not learn. (or) I don’t learn.

A question sentence in the simple present tense

Do I learn?

Simple present tense signal words

  • always
  • often
  • usually
  • sometimes
  • never
  • every day / week / …


The use of the English Present Tense

  • As a result, the “simple Present” is used to express what is happening at the moment.

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Simple present tense
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