T he simple present tense is used in English to describe something that is happening at that moment.
Simple present formation
Regular formation of the simple present
Infinitive + („-s“)
B asically, the formation of the “Simple Present” is quite simple, since only the infinitive is used. However, the formation of the third person singular may cause problems. In this case, an “-s” must be appended to the end of the verb.
do not (don’t) + Infinitive
L ikewise, the formation of the negation is not much more complicated, except that a “do not” stands before the verb. As with a “normal” sentence, there is also a special case of negation. This special case refers back to the third person singular, which is only used in this way “do not” “does not“. In this case, the “-s” is omitted from the “verb”.
F ortunately, there are only three irregularities in the simple present. On the one hand, “have/has” and “-am/-is/-are” in the third person singular.
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What you have to consider in the present tense in English
The most important rule!
W hen forming the simple present you have to put an “-s” to the “verb” in the third person singular!
T he bottom line is that in the “Simple Present” there is only one hacking in the spelling, while forming the third person singular. There are few points to keep in mind:
1. Verbs that end in a “sibilant”:
Here an “-es“ is attached:
- watch becomes watch-es
- pass becomes pass-es
- go becomes go-es
- do becomes do-es
2. Verbs with “-y” at the end:
It is important to note what is in front of the “-y”:
FOR A VOWEL:
The “-s” is simply attached:
- play becomes play-s
FOR A CONSONANT:
“-y“ goes away and an “-ies“ is attached:
- hurry becomes hurr-ies
Don’t be confused:
I mportant: “do not” is synonymous with “don’t” and “does not” is synonymous with “doesn’t“.
Simple present tense examples
Normal sentence in the simple present tense
A negative sentence in the simple present tense
I do not learn. (or) I don’t learn.
A question sentence in the simple present tense
Do I learn?
Simple present tense signal words
- every day / week / …
The use of the English Present Tense
- As a result, the “simple Present” is used to express what is happening at the moment.
You read: Simple Present Tense | Present Simple