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Present Perfect Progressive Tense

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The present perfect progressive is mainly used, much like the present perfect, to describe an action that has begun in the past and continues until now. But with the difference that the emphasis is on duration and not on the action itself.

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Present Perfect progressive formation

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Regularly:

„have“ / „has“ + „been“ + Infinitive + “-ing“

Just as in the other progressive tenses, the present perfect progressive is formed with the help of a “to be” form and a verb + “-ing”. However, you do not need the “am”, “is”, “are”, “was” or “were” form as “to be” forms, but “have” or “has”.

 

„have / has not“  +  Infinitive + „-ing“

Also, the negation is not really difficult, as the formation of a “normal” sentence. That means you just have to put a “not” behind the “to be” form.

 

Irregular:

On the other hand, there are no irregular verbs in present perfect progressive. The only hack is in the word “have” or “has”.

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What is to be considered in the perfect progressive form!

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The “to be” forms “have” and “has”:

According to the rule (he, she it, the “-s” has to be used) here, only the 3rd person singular “has” is used. In contrast, “have” is used in all other forms.

 

Spelling rules to “-ing” formation:

Particularly, making verbs with ing at the end is very simple. However, there are few points to consider:

 

 1. For verbs ending in “-e”:

The “-e” goes away:

  • give becomes giving

 

2. Verbs ending in “-er”, “-ur”, “-ir”:

The final consonant is doubled:

  • occurs to occurring

 

3. Monosyllabic verbs ending on a stressed consonant:

As with the second rule, the last consonant is doubled here:

  • get becomes getting
  • swim becomes swimming
  • fit becomes fitting

 

4. Verbs ending in “-ie”:

For this purpose, the “-ie” is replaced by a “-y” in the formation:

  • lie becomes lying

 

Don’t be confused:

Basically, both “have not” and “haven’t” express the same thing, only when writing you should consider what intension is behind the text.

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Present Perfect Progressive Example

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Normal sentence:

I have been learning.

 

Negative sentence:

I have not been learning.  /  I haven’t been learning.

 

Question:

Have I been learning?

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Present Perfect Progressive Signal words

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  • All day / month
  • How long?
  • since
  • for
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How the perfect progressive form is used in English!

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  • On the one hand, the “present perfect progressive” is used to describe an action that has begun in the past and is still going on. In contrast to simple present perfect, the emphasis is on the duration of the action and not on the action.
  • On the other hand, the use is to describe an action that has taken place in the past, but which has triggered an unintentional consequence on the future or the present.
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About me

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Hey, I used to think that language learning was innate. Either you can speak English or not and it doesn’t matter how much you learn -“Anyway I don’t record good grades in English.” And that’s where English is so important.

 

After a while, I gave myself one last chance to learn English. Only this time I limited myself to the essential points.

For me, that meant verbs: formation – examples – signal words & usage

This method enabled me to learn English faster than ever before.

 

Since then I know that learning languages is not innate. And through that realization, my vision has become to offer other students the opportunity to learn English, just like I did back then. Now I ask you to help me by sharing this article with your friends!

Thank you very much!

 

Du lasst: Present Perfect Progressive Tense

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Present Perfect Progressive Tense
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