Present Perfect Progressive Tense

Present Perfect Progressive Tense

Language Knowledge / English / Grammar / Present Perfect Progressive Tense


Written by: Editor | Updated on: June 1, 2020 | Published on: July 6, 2017

Present Perfect Progressive Tense: Usage

On the one hand, the “present perfect progressive” is used to describe an action that has begun in the past and is still going on. In contrast to simple present perfect, the emphasis is on the duration of the action and not on the action.
On the other hand, the use is to describe an action that has taken place in the past, but which has triggered an unintentional consequence on the future or the present.

? Present Perfect Progressive formation


„have“ / „has“ + „been“ + Infinitive + “-ing““

Just as in the other progressive tenses, the present perfect progressive is formed with the help of a “to be” form and a verb + “-ing”. However, you do not need the “am”, “is”, “are”, “was” or “were” form as “to be” forms, but “have” or “has”.


„have / has not“ + Infinitive + „-ing“

Also, the negation is not really difficult, as the formation of a “normal” sentence. That means you just have to put a “not” behind the “to be” form.



On the other hand, there are no irregular verbs in present perfect progressive. The only hack is in the word “have” or “has”.


‼️ What is to be considered in the perfect progressive form!

The “to be” forms “have” and “has”:

According to the rule (he, she it, the “-s” has to be used) here, only the 3rd person singular “has” is used. In contrast, “have” is used in all other forms.


Spelling rules to “-ing” formation:

Particularly, making verbs with ing at the end is very simple. However, there are few points to consider:


 1. For verbs ending in “-e”:

The “-e” goes away:

  • give becomes giving


2. Verbs ending in “-er”, “-ur”, “-ir”:

The final consonant is doubled:

  • occurs to occurring


3. Monosyllabic verbs ending on a stressed consonant:

As with the second rule, the last consonant is doubled here:

  • get becomes getting
  • swim becomes swimming
  • fit becomes fitting


4. Verbs ending in “-ie”:

For this purpose, the “-ie” is replaced by a “-y” in the formation:

  • lie becomes lying


Don’t get it twisted:

Basically, both “have not” and “haven’t” express the same thing, only when writing you should consider what intension is behind the text.


2️⃣ Present Perfect Progressive examples

Normal sentence

I have been learning.

A negative sentence

I have not been learning. / I haven’t been learning.

A question sentence

Have I been learning?

? Signalwords

All day / month
How long?

You read: Present Perfect Progressive | Present Perfect Progressive Tense