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What are conditional sentences type 3?

[vc_separator border_width=”2″][dt_teaser]First, type 3 If-sentences are condition sentences that include if. Furthermore, these sentences, like any other, also contain a main clause. An example of this is as follows:

If it had rained, I would have learned English.

Here, the type 3 expresses an impossible condition, since the condition is totally in the past and thus cannot be changed.[/dt_teaser][vc_empty_space height=”36px”]

The normal formation of such an If sentence in English

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Thus, normal formation refers to the fact that the If sentence is in the pluperfect and the main clause in conditional 2.

 

Review:

How is the Pluperfect formed?

had + infinitive + ed or simple past form

Normally an “-ed” is appended to the Infinitive. Unless the verb is irregular, then the 2nd verb form is used. Here are the most important irregular verbs.

Conditional 2:

would have + Infinitive + ed or past perfect

On the other hand the conditional 2 is formed with “would have” and the Infinitive plus “-ed”. To negate the sentence, a “not” is placed behind the would. Furthermore, there are still irregular verbs. Here you will find a   Table with English Irregular Verbs.

 

Example

If it had rained, I would have learned English.

The impossible condition:

Since the condition is written in the pluperfect, at this moment, it is already completed and cannot be changed. Thus, the condition is impossible. However, there are a few more tenses in which the If-Clause can stand.

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What are the tenses involved?

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If-Clause TenseMain Clause Tense
Past PerfectConditional 2
should / could / might / ought + Infinitive + ed or Past Participle
Past PerfectConditional 1
should / could / might / ought + have + Infinitive
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Conditional 2 in the If-sentence:

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Because the if-clause is in the conditional 2 (or the other tenses), which was in the past, and the inference also refers to the past. Examples: Main sentence comes first in Conditional 1 and then in the order should / could / might / ought + 1st Verb form + ed or 3rd Verb form:

  • If it had rained, I would have learned English.
  • If it had rained, I should have learned English.
  • If it had rained, I could have learned English.
  • If it had rained, I might have learned English.
  • If it had rained, I ought have learned English.

It is important that should / could / might and ought are only different auxiliary verbs and have only a different meaning for the inference (would / could / should).

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Conditional 1 in the If-sentence

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As with conditional 2, the if statement is also in the past for conditional 1. On the other hand, the inference refers to the present. Examples: Main sentence comes first in Conditional 1 and then in the order should / could / might / ought + infinitive:

  • If it had rained, I would learn English.
  • If it had rained, I should learn English.
  • If it had rained, I could learn English.
  • If it had rained, I might learn English.
  • If it had rained, I ought learn English.

It is important that should / could / might and ought are only different auxiliary verbs and have only a different meaning for the inference (would / could / should).

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About me

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Hey, formerly I thought that learning languages was an innate one. Either you can speak English perfectly or not and no matter how much you learn – “I do not write a good grade in English anyway.” But I quickly learned that you do not know everything in your mother tongue.

 

After a while, I gave myself one last chance to learn English. Only this time I limited myself to the essential points.

That means for me verbs: the form – examples – signal words & the usage

This method enabled me to learn English faster than ever before.

 

Since then I know that learning to talk is not innate. And through that realization, my vision has become to offer other students the opportunity to learn English, just like I did back then. Now I ask you to help me by sharing this article with your friends! Thanks a lot!

 

You read: If clauses type 3 | Conditional sentences type 3

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If clauses type 3 | Conditional sentences type 3
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